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In our syngas conversion development efforts at Dow we have been investigating MOFs as catalyst precursors. In order to evaluate and compare our internal …
– Senior R&D Manager The Dow Chemical Company
As the chief scientific officer, I am always scouting for new technology platforms to improve our products at Silent-Power AG. I’ve met novoMOF at a conference in …
Dr. Reto Holzner
– Chief Scientific Officer econimo DRIVE
Storage of hydrogen is one of the key obstacles to the development of the fuel cell industry, and we believe that MOF’s may provide a key to unlocking that …
EH Group Engineering
novoMOF is a reliable partner for any organization seeking to scale up their metal-organic frameworks. As the principal investigator of our Atmospheric …
David R. Moore, Ph.D.
– GE Research Executive Manager, Carbon Capture Technology Leader
novoMOF Blog Blog about Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs), their application and related industries.
- Carbon Utilization and Storageon February 6, 2024 at 6:58 pm
In the ongoing battle against climate change, the concept of carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) has emerged as a pivotal solution. Not only does it involve capturing carbon emissions, but it also presents a promising avenue for transforming this captured carbon into valuable resources. This transformative process holds the key to mitigating greenhouse gas emissions while fostering the creation of useful products essential for various industries. In this blog, you will find insights into what can be done once carbon is captured and how adsorption technology can be applied to different areas. Transportation and Storage: Enabling the Transformation Transporting captured carbon to the facilities where it undergoes transformation demands an efficient infrastructure. Once captured and separated, carbon dioxide transportation is crucial, but current methods pose economic challenges due to pressure losses. The consensus leans towards transporting significant CO2 volumes as a dense phase fluid, preferably in the supercritical state, as it offers energy-efficient conditions due to its gas-like viscosity and liquid-like density. The transport process is divided into onshore and offshore subsets, with options such as pipelines, ships, highways, and railroads for onshore and pipelines and ships for offshore, determined mainly by proximity to storage sites. The most technically developed transport methods are pipelines and transport ships, with road and rail transport being less preferred for large CCS projects. Pipelines are the primary mode of transport, ensuring the safe and efficient movement of captured carbon to locations where it can be processed into valuable products. The final storage step involves three main categories: geological, oceanic, and mineral storage. The most established approach involves underground storage by injecting carbon dioxide into suitable geological formations or specific reservoirs at particular depths. Various geological formations are typically assessed for CO2 storage, including depleted oil and natural gas reservoirs, underutilized oil and gas sites (such as enhanced oil recovery /CO2-EOR and enhanced gas recovery /CO2-EGR sites), deep coal deposits for enhanced coal bed methane (CO2-ECBM), and deep saline aquifers. These locations provide the necessary containment for long-term carbon sequestration; gas sites and saline formations are used commercially. Transforming Captured Carbon: From Burden to Valuables Captured carbon, often considered an environmental burden, can be repurposed into valuable products. For instance, carbon dioxide can be transformed into synthetic fuels, such as methane or methanol, offering a sustainable alternative to fossil fuels. Additionally, it serves as a key ingredient in manufacturing chemicals and polymers, pivotal in various industries like pharmaceuticals, plastics, and textiles. The ability to harness this waste and transform it into something beneficial marks a monumental shift in sustainability efforts. Some of the industries which can benefit from carbon transformation are: Energy Sector: Synthetic fuels derived from transformed carbon can revolutionize the energy sector, powering vehicles and industries without adding to carbon emissions. Manufacturing and Chemical Industries: Carbon-derived chemicals form the backbone of numerous manufacturing processes, from producing plastics to pharmaceuticals. Construction Materials: Transforming captured carbon into building materials like cement or aggregates provides sustainable alternatives, reducing the construction industry's carbon footprint. Agriculture and Food Production: Utilizing transformed carbon in agricultural processes, such as enhancing plant growth or creating sustainable fertilizers, could revolutionize food production. Carbon Transportation and Storage with MOFs Adsorption methods, particularly leveraging advanced materials like Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs), offer important features relevant to carbon transportation and storage downstream steps. MOFs possess a high surface area and customizable structures, making them ideal for selectively capturing CO2 from mixed gas streams. This capability is crucial in gas separation processes, allowing for the extraction of high-purity CO2 for transportation. Advantages of MOFs in Carbon Transportation and Storage: High Selectivity: MOFs exhibit high selectivity for CO2 molecules and possess impressive storage capacities due to their porous nature, making them efficient in capturing and retaining CO2 during transportation and storage. Tunable Properties: The customizable nature of MOFs enables adjustments in their structures to optimize performance for specific carbon capture, transportation, or storage conditions, enhancing their effectiveness. Versatile Applications: MOFs can be tailored to suit various carbon value chains, providing versatility in their applications across different carbon storage methods and transportation phases. Leveraging adsorption methods, especially with MOFs, presents a promising avenue in the carbon value chain from capture, transportation, storage, or utilization. Their remarkable properties and adaptability offer solutions that address efficiency and selectivity, contributing significantly to advancing carbon capture, utilization, and storage technologies. Contribution to a Circular Economy In conclusion, the significance of carbon utilization and storage extends beyond environmental benefits. It fosters a circular economy where waste is transformed into valuable resources, reducing the reliance on finite raw materials. Embracing these practices not only combats climate change but also drives innovation and economic growth. Integrating carbon capture, utilization, and storage into mainstream industries is critical to a sustainable future. As we continue to advance these technologies, we inch closer to a world where carbon emissions are no longer a liability but a resourceful asset in our pursuit of a greener, more prosperous planet. Please visit our previous blogs and success stories to learn more.
- How to achieve SDGs with MOFson November 20, 2023 at 3:02 pm
In a world where global challenges such as climate change, poverty, and inequality are ever-present, the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have emerged as a beacon of hope for a more sustainable and equitable future. Enacted in 2015 as part of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the SDGs encompass a wide array of crucial global issues, ranging from eradicating poverty and hunger to fostering sustainable economic growth and combating climate change. Achieving these goals is not only the responsibility of governments but also of industries worldwide. In this blog, we will explore the role of one remarkable innovation, Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs), in helping industries contribute to the achievement of the SDGs. Achieving Sustainable Development Goals Five of the most interlinked Sustainable Development Goals are SDG 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation), SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy), SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), SDG 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production), and SDG 13 (Climate Action). These goals address critical global challenges, such as ensuring access to clean and safe water, transitioning to sustainable energy sources, promoting responsible consumption and production patterns, and mitigating the impacts of climate change. Industries play a central role in all these aspects. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS): SDG 13 specifically calls for action to combat climate change and its impacts. This is where CCS comes into play. CCS technology involves capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from industrial processes and storing them safely to prevent their release into the atmosphere, thereby curbing global warming. Clean Energy: SDG 7 seeks to ensure affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all. Achieving this goal is intrinsically linked with developing clean and renewable energy sources, which can significantly reduce carbon emissions, thus contributing to SDG 13. Clean Water Technologies: SDG 6 ensures water and sanitation availability and sustainable management. Industries are vital in developing innovative clean water technologies to enhance access to clean water and improve sanitation. Responsible Consumption and Production: SDG 12 promotes sustainable consumption and production patterns. Industries must reduce waste generation, implement sustainable practices, and minimize environmental impact. Sustainable Cities and Communities: SDG 11 focuses on creating inclusive, safe, sustainable cities and communities. Industries can contribute to this goal by adopting sustainable practices, reducing pollution, and promoting resource-efficient urbanization. MOFs: A Platform Technology MOFs, or Metal-Organic Frameworks, have emerged as a groundbreaking class of materials with a wide range of applications in various industries. MOFs are composed of metal ions or clusters linked by organic molecules, forming a porous, crystalline structure with an incredibly high surface area. This unique structure allows MOFs to exhibit exceptional characteristics, making them suitable for numerous purposes: MOFs in Carbon Capture and Storage: MOFs can efficiently capture and separate CO2 from industrial flue gases. MOFs' high surface area and tunable properties make them ideal for selectively adsorbing CO2 while allowing other gases to pass through. By employing MOFs, industries can reduce their carbon footprint, aiding the achievement of SDG 13. MOFs in Clean Energy: MOFs play a pivotal role in energy storage and conversion. They can be used for hydrogen storage, a critical component in clean fuel cell technology. Additionally, MOFs can serve as efficient catalysts for various energy conversion reactions, such as converting carbon dioxide into valuable products or storing renewable energy as hydrogen. MOFs in Clean Water Technologies: MOFs can also help address water-related SDGs. Their adsorption capabilities can be harnessed for water purification, heavy metal removal, and desalination. By utilizing MOFs, industries can contribute to SDG 6 by enhancing clean water access and sustainability. MOFs in Responsible Consumption and Production: MOFs can play a role in sustainable practices. They can be employed in processes that reduce waste generation, promote resource efficiency, and align with the principles of SDG 12. MOFs in Sustainable Cities and Communities: MOFs can support sustainable urbanization by aiding in pollution control, resource efficiency, and sustainable industrial practices, thus contributing to SDG 11. Utilizing MOFs for Industrial Impact MOFs' unique properties and versatility make them a valuable asset for industries striving to achieve the SDGs. Industries can integrate MOFs into their operations, particularly in sectors related to energy production, carbon-intensive processes, and clean water technologies. By doing so, they can reduce their environmental impact, drive innovation, and create economic opportunities aligned with the SDGs. SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure) underscores the significance of inclusive and sustainable industrialization for global development. MOFs, as a technology platform of highly-versatile materials, can significantly contribute to this goal. By enabling industries to innovate, reduce their environmental footprint, and foster sustainability, MOFs play a pivotal role in achieving SDG 9, which is crucial for the broader success of the Sustainable Development Goals. In conclusion, MOFs are a game-changing innovation with the potential to drive sustainable industrial practices, contributing to SDGs 6, 7, 11, 12, and 13. As industries harness the power of MOFs, they align with global sustainability targets and advance the cause of multiple SDGs, propelling us closer to a more sustainable world.
- An overview of Carbon Capture with MOFson October 18, 2023 at 12:53 pm
In a world increasingly gripped by the urgency of climate change, the quest for innovative solutions to combat rising carbon dioxide (CO2) levels is paramount. The consequences of unchecked greenhouse gas emissions, such as extreme weather events and rising sea levels, underscore the pressing need to reduce our carbon footprint. Amid this challenge, carbon capture technologies have emerged, offering a means to reduce greenhouse gas emissions significantly. Among these technologies, Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) have raised the potential to revolutionize the landscape of carbon capture. In this blog, we will investigate why MOFs garner attention as a novel and promising alternative for carbon capture, their diverse applications in various industries, and how they might hold the key to a sustainable future. How MOFs Work: The Art of Carbon Capture MOFs, short for Metal-Organic Frameworks, are crystalline materials composed of metal ions or clusters connected by organic molecules, creating a structure with nanoscale pores. These pores act as molecular traps, capable of selectively capturing gases, including CO2. Imagine MOFs as high-tech sponges, each with a unique structure tailored to capture specific gases with remarkable efficiency. The Versatility of MOFs in Carbon Capture MOFs offer a versatile solution for carbon capture, with applications spanning various phases of the process: Post-Combustion Capture: In this phase, flue gases loaded with CO2 pass through MOF-based materials, where the MOFs selectively adsorb the CO2, reducing emissions significantly. Pre-Combustion Capture: Pre-combustion capture is a technique employed in processes like gasification, where carbon-containing fuels (like coal or biomass) are converted into synthetic gas (syngas) before combustion. MOFs can help selectively capture CO2 from the syngas, purifying the syngas to its main components of carbon monoxide and hydrogen for further synthetic use (methanol synthesis, ammonia synthesis via Haber-Bosch process, hydroformylations or Fischer-Tropsch processes). Direct Air Capture (DAC): DAC is an approach that extracts CO2 directly from the ambient air. With their high selectivity and tunable properties, MOFs play a crucial role in this emerging technology. DAC powered by MOFs has the potential to actively reduce atmospheric CO2 levels, contributing to global efforts to combat climate change. A Game-Changer for Carbon Capture MOFs hold several advantages over traditional carbon capture materials and methods. Their exceptional porosity, tunability, and capacity for selective gas adsorption make them extraordinarily efficient. MOFs are versatile and adaptable, suitable for diverse applications across various industries. Their potential to lower energy requirements for carbon capture and reduce costs has captured the attention of researchers, engineers, and policymakers alike. Industries Benefiting from MOF-Enhanced Carbon Capture In the following table, various MOF applications for carbon capture are summarized: Carbon Capture Phase Application Industry Beneficiaries Post-Combustion Capture Power plants, industries Energy generation, heavy manufacturing Pre-Combustion Capture Gasification, syngas Chemical processing, synthetic fuels Direct Air Capture (DAC) Ambient air Global carbon mitigation efforts Biogas Power Generation Anaerobic digestion Renewable energy, waste management The implementation of MOFs in carbon capture technology holds promise for several industries, including: Energy Generation: Power plants, especially those using fossil fuels, can significantly reduce carbon footprint by integrating MOF-enhanced post-combustion carbon capture systems. Chemical Manufacturing: The chemical industry, known for substantial CO2 emissions, can benefit from MOF-enabled carbon capture, leading to more sustainable processes. Transportation Fuels: MOFs can optimize the production of synthetic fuels, reducing the carbon intensity of transportation fuels. Construction: By integrating MOFs into building materials like concrete, CO2 can be captured and stored, promoting carbon-neutral construction practices. If you are interested in knowing more about MOFs and their advantages for carbon capture, here is the list of our blog series dedicated to carbon capture, where you can find more details of the performance of MOFs and MOF-based materials in comparison to other materials and methods used for carbon capture: Energy-efficient CO2 capture and release using magnetic materials Circular economy: Tackling challenges with novel materials Carbon enrichment with decentralized biogas utilization Challenges and new opportunities in biogas upgrading Sorption technologies for biogas upgrading MOF-based membranes for biogas upgrading MOFs for carbon capture and release Tackle Climate Change with MOFs Environment protection with MOFs Energy-efficient carbon capture Why MOFs outperform amine scrubbing? MOFs vs. Calcium looping for carbon capture MOFs vs. other porous materials for carbon capture MOFs vs. other advanced materials for carbon capture Reducing the economic impact of carbon emissions